EDITORS-IN-CHIEF

David Z. Bushhouse ’19
Maxwell B. Dash ’18

EDITORS

Matthew P. Carter ’18
Noah R. Domikis ’20
David G. Fluharty ’20
Zachary G. Shermer ’18
Charles A. Wolfe ’20

ADVISOR

Michael J. Wolyniak
Department of Biology

Cover Photo: The Principles of Biology Laboratory (BIOL 151) has focused on exploring the microbiome of the common hop Humulus lupulus for the past 3 years as a means of giving students the opportunity to develop and implement their own unique research questions. Here, students allowed a hop leaf to grow on a petri plate with rich growth medium for microbes, and the result was a pristine configuration of bacteria and fungi in the precise shape and venation pattern as the leaf (Photo credit: Dakota M. Reinartz ’18).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

News from the Hampden-Sydney Science Departments
C. William Anderson, Matthew D. Goodson, Ivo I. Gyurovski ’09, Rebecca L. Jayne, and Alexander J. Werth

FEATURE SECTION: THE STATE OF MEDICAL TRAINING AND PRACTICE

Remote Area Medical: Serving those who cannot afford healthcare
Nicholas F. Chase ’18

Why is the Medical Profession Losing its Luster?
Coleman E. Johnson ’19

Genetic Enhancement: Misunderstood, Misrepresented, and Not Without Love
Samuel S. Melson ’18

Taking Advantage of Modern Medicine
R. Wood Morgan ’18

Healthcare Reform vs. The People
Patrik I. Nemceff ’18

The Future of Healthcare
Corey J. Williams ’19

RESEARCH ARTICLES

The Effects of Soil Volume and Soil Nutrients on Competition between Native and Invasive Species
Persus O. Akowuah ’18 and Edward Lowry

Observing the Dispersion Relation of a Complex System of Gravitational and Capillary Waves
Jake H. Burns ’18 and Hugh O. Thurman III

Impact of Pausing for Reflection While Reading to Kids on Their Creativity
James D. Ingersoll ’18, A.J. Willy ’17, and Erin B.D. Clabough

Applying CRISPR-Cas9 Gene Knockout Technology to Arabidopsis
Robert I. Jackson ’18 and Michael J. Wolyniak

Bubble Netting as a Whale Feeding Strategy: Why Does It Work?
Mark A. Mason ’18 and Alexander J. Werth

Familiarization and Improvement of ESR Functionality Using LabView Software
J. Reed Mingione ’19 and Herbert J. Sipe

Mutating the MYF-5 gene and the Analysis of Mutated Myf-5 proteins
Jason D. Pough ’19 and Michael J. Wolyniak

Examination of Aspects Involved in Multiple Pandemics/Outbreaks
Hayden H. Robinson ’18 and Michael J. Wolyniak

Brand or Generic: Printing Consumer Choices in their Favor
Jake W. Roden-Foreman ’15 and G. Daniel Weese

Thermal Conductivity of Concrete
Zachary G. Shermer ’18 and Hugh O. Thurman III

Concussions in Baseball from Non-Linear Oscillations of the Brain
Cody W. Smith ’18, Hugh O. Thurman III, and Kristin M. Fischer

The Impact of Bioinspired Prototypes on Pollution Management in an Aquatic Environment
Brian D. Tarnai ’20, Kristin M. Fischer, and Michael J. Wolyniak

Determining Minimum Necessary Voltage and Current Specifications for an Individual Photovoltaic Cell
Cecil M. Tiblin ’18 and Hugh O. Thurman III

Analysis of essential oils and volatile organic compounds in various strains of Humulus lupulus and their effects on resistance to downy and powdery mildew
Sean D. Walden ’18, C. William Anderson, and Michael J. Wolyniak

Synthesis and Characterization of Mauveine and its Substituted Aniline Derivatives
Charles A. Wolfe ’20 and Paul H. Mueller