Category Archives: Uncategorized

"Journal of the Sciences" in white on a red background

Volume X-Spring 2021


James B. “Jeb” Wall ’22


Luke T. Carter ’22
Loyal T. “Trey” Grimes ’23
A.W. Leighton Holm ’22
Evan D. Lester ’21
Taylor J. McGee ’23
Jacob M. Whitney ’21


Michael J. Wolyniak
Department of Biology


Cover Photo: It is safe to say that 2020-21 was defined completely by the COVID-19 pandemic and all that Hampden-Sydney needed to do to conduct a year in person under precarious conditions. Above all, this year will be remembered for the masks that everyone needed to wear to protect themselves and those around them from disease. Luckily, a lot of people in the H-SC community decided to express themselves through their masks, and this collage of students, faculty, and staff is a reminder of the life and times at Hampden-Sydney during a global pandemic. Photographs by Michael Wolyniak, Harrison Whaley ’21, and Joseph Kelly ’22


News from the Hampden-Sydney Science Departments

Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Computer Science, Physics and Astronomy, and Psychology
Ivo I. Gyurovski ’09, Kristian M. Hargadon ’01, Brian C. Lins , Timothy M. Reichart, Hugh O. “Trey” Thurman III

Perspectives on the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)Pandemic

A Review of the Emerging Literature on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19
Jacob M. Whitney ’21 and Rachel M. Goodman

America’s Addiction to Sports
Luke T. Carter ‘22

The Unintended Educational and Social Consequences of SARS-CoV-2
Leland J. Cobb ‘22

COVID-19 and Mental Health
Benjamin N. Hager ‘23

Comparison of Responses to Covid-19 and Historical Epidemics and Pandemics
G. Anders Isaksen ‘21

The U.S. Response to the Spanish Flu of 1918 and COVID-19
T. Andrew Parker ‘23

Effects of COVID-19 on the Retail Industry
Jacob R. Smith ‘22, Grant S. Paramore ‘23, Charles M. Dulaney ‘21, Samuel C. Zohab ‘21, and Andrew F. Jamison ‘22

Underreported Weakness of the Healthcare System Highlighted by COVID-19
Jason D. Stacy ’05, M.D.

COVID Stories: Reflections from the H-SC community on the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020-21


COVID-19: An End-of-Life Issue
Jacob M. Whitney ’21

A Sense-less Existence
J. Gray Breeden ‘21

Austin M. Tomlin ‘21

Compassion, Empathy, and Trust in Science: An Immunologist’s Take on How to Avoid the Next COVID-19
Kristian M. Hargadon ’01, Elliott Associate Professor of Biology

A Day in the Life of a College Student During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Brayden J. Overstreet ‘22

Journey Through the Unknown
T. Bryan Tims ’98, Visiting Instructor of Biology

Corolla Virus-19
Canevin J.F. Wallace ‘21

A Remote Perspective of Life in the Reformed World
William C. Hayes ‘21

Things I’ve Learned from COVID-19 Social Distancing
Christine Curry Ross, Associate Dean of Institutional Effectiveness

A New Routine for COVID-19
John C. Bryson ‘22

Expecting the Unexpected
Grayson R. Harmon ‘22

Random Thoughts on the COVID-19 Experience as a Faculty Member at H-SC
Herbert J. Sipe, Jr., Spalding Professor of Chemistry

Before and After COVID: A Shock to the World
Trenton B. Tiller ‘22

What It Took and What I Learned
Jake A. Blankinship ‘21

COVID and the Class of 2030
Melissa T. Wood, Title IX and 504 Coordinator

Through Unprecedented History
Joshua D. Capell ‘21

from Quarantine Dreams
Nathaniel D. Perry, Elliott Professor of English

Coping with COVID
J. Scott H. Pittman ‘22

Go With the Flow
J. Conn Janerbo ‘22

Adapting to Change as a Student Athlete
Cole A. Becker ‘21

A Reflection on Returning to College in a Pandemic
Seth A. Black ‘23

COVID-19: There’s Good in Everything
Giovanni M. Needham ‘21

Internalize Externalities to Flatten the Curve
Byron B. Carson III, Assistant Professor of Economics & Business

Strung Along
Benjamin N. Hager ‘23

The Last Supper: Experiencing the Closure of Society through a Trip to Chicago
Michael J. Wolyniak, McGavacks Associate Professor of Biology

Research Articles

The Investigation of Oral Pathogens Associated With Neurodegenerative and Cardiovascular Disease and The Link to Periodontal Disease
Luke T. Carter ’22, Jacob A. Siler ’23, and Michael J. Wolyniak/i>

Sound Speed Through Ethanol-Water Mixtures
Eliot K. Chandler ’22 and Stanley A. Cheyne

Quantitation of Cannabinoids
Titus K. Dowell ’22, Tobias A. Konieczka ’22, Caleb S. Temple ’22 and Kevin M. Dunn

Simplifying Usability of Galaxy Rotation Curve Model
Eric A. Foxwell ’21, Steven D. Bloom, and Hugh O. Thurman III

Megaptera novaeangliae Bubble Net Feeding Behavior: A Brief Review
Charles L. Lemon ’21, Stanley A. Cheyne, and Alexander J. Werth

Media Truth Discernment, Depression, and Social Media Disorder
Evan D. Lester ’21 and Ivo I. Gyurovski ‘09

Phage Discovery of Phages LestyG, Tamron, and Kbm Phage
Caleb B. Manu ’23 and Michael J. Wolyniak

Computational Analysis of FRET type Fluorescence in Schiff Base Ligand Complexes
J. Daniel Smith ’22 and Paul H. Mueller

AT1G10210’s Role in Phenotypic Expression of Arabidopsis thaliana
John H. Walker ’21 and Michael J. Wolyniak

An Overview of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein in Current Research
Alexander M. Washington ’21 and Timothy M. Reichart